Chapter 9

IMPLICATIONS

The following presents various new ideas for the possible further development of the theories presented in previous chapters. The ideas are speculative. We are following the philosophy of Edward de Bono of Cambridge University, England, as put forward in his book "The Art of Lateral thinking". His thesis is that in order to break new ground with new discoveries, you first make some speculation - sensible or crazy, the crazier the better. You assume that it is true and you then work out the consequences no matter where it takes you. By this means you break with traditional thought and this may enable you to discover some new insight. This is what Albert Einstein did with his thought experiments. It is also what I have tried to do. For example I started with the idea that the brain worked like a hologram and I am still following that through.

FIRST SPECULATION

If mental phenomena are basically electromagnetic it is should be possible to produce sensory effects in the brain by using microwaves in the range of about 6 GHz or a few GHz or by using electro magnetic induction. One might try modulation at 40 cycles. Such communication might have to be done using complex fields. Otherwise the signals would simply be ignored as noise. How to do this is a difficult and speculative matter. What kind of modulation and how to use it is now a problem. One could try modulation at 40 Hz as oscillations of this frequency are known to occur and conscious thought is likely to be associated with this frequency. It may be rather naive to imagine that something as simple as this could possibly work but it would be a beginning. The holographic memory is probably immune to a source as simple as this and it would simply be treated as noise. Probably one would have to use some kind of complex pattern of waves for modulation, such as one might get by having multiple microwave sources producing some kind of interference pattern. What one is looking for is anything which would enter consciousness such as a visual pattern like that which occurs in migraine, bands of colored light, a fortification spectrum. Alternatively one might try to influence the auditory system. There are many obvious difficulties and unknowns. First one must build apparatus which will generate frequencies in the required range. Then one must find out how to propagate these through the brain. We already know that MRI scans don't do much. What should we try? A beam of radiation energy? A coil around the head? Application of radio waves to the scalp? Implantation of a device? One needs to know how microwaves of various frequencies will propagate through the watery conducting material of the brain. The radio-astronomers have a frequency in the microwave region which will penetrate water vapor and we might try that.

SECOND SPECULATION

My theory of brain function might be confirmed by trying to produce sensory effects by means of radio waves or electromagnetic induction. I have built an oscillator which transmits in the Gigahertz range. I perceive no sensory effects. This is not surprising as the signal is too simple and there are plenty of cell phones around anyway!

A more complex signal might be obtained by mixing together a number of gigahertz generators in some way so as to generate an interference pattern, giving a more complex signal.

THIRD SPECULATION

I have also experimented with apparatus constructed according to a design supplied by an electronics supplier who advertised in "Electronics Now". This magazine has disappeared but the firm still advertises in "Poptronics" under the heading of "Amazing Products".

Their address is PO Box #716, Amherst NH 03031. Tel.# 1 800 221 1705. The design sheet which I purchased from them is called MDD, which stands for Magnetic Disorienting Device. Apparently it has been observed that a coil of 20 turns of 12 feet in diameter around a room containing rats produced detectable behavioral effects compared with controls. I used 34 turns of about nine inches diameter around my own head and found no detectable effects. The sheets carried a warning about possible disorienting effects but I could detect none.

The design was essentially a fairly conventional circuit running a U shaped xenon strobe and the coil was in series with the strobe.

The output was therefore pulsed DC of a fairly strong DC current which I have not measured. I tried rates around 40 Hertz or so without any effect. The firm has other products of a similar nature which I have not tried.

FOURTH SPECULATION

There is a possibility that there could exist a quasi-topographic type of form in a network which is equivalent in its input and output to one which produces true topological form. True topological form is necessary for motor action but the organism might not develop a fully true topological form for the mind field if it were not necessary to do so for functional reasons.

True topographical form does not require that there are points of information held in any geometrically ordered way, such as we see in the visual cortex in monkeys. However, the connectivity is important. It is difficult to see how one could hold information in the structure of an electro-magnetic field in topographic form. There is the possibility that there could be some equivalent quasi-topographical form which could result in motor outputs which have to be in true topographic form.

FIFTH SPECULATION: - With regard to "Schrodinger's Cat."

I do not accept the possibility of the superposition of macroscopic states of the scale described. The whole idea is based on a confusion of thought.

In the imaginary cat experiment the "Observation" ends with the detection of the particle, not with the opening of the box. The same objection is raised against the more recent version of "Schrodinger's Cat" using a hyperconducting circuit which can flow in either of two directions.

Nor do I except the idea that what happens is in any way dependent on the observer. This again is a confusion of thought with regard to the Copenhagen interpretation.

There is indeed a superposition of states which persists for a very short time and this can be described as a "many worlds" phenomenon but this only persists until the particle is detected. One can accept a small degree of indeterminacy persisting at that point.

SIXTH SPECULATION

I feel that ultimately the nature of mind will be shown to be basically magnetic in nature but to be also bound up with the superposition of states similar to that required by quantum theory.

As such it will be shown to be an emergent property of electro magnetic field which is manifested increasingly by increasing complexity of the sort described by Prigagone of the Santa Fe Institute.

SEVENTH SPECULATION

It would be possible to construct a computer which consisted of a neural network structure like the neural network described in this book. This could be modeled by a program on a conventional Von Neuman type of computer. It would be a topographic Form Analyzer. This would represent a new generation of computer methods. It would have many applications in the field of pattern recognition.

EIGHTH SPECULATION

It is possible to devise a very basic neural net which would have a few alternative inputs and then the net would select one of the two alternative outputs. This would be simulated on a conventional computer. Then one could give some of the neural nets Hebbian properties and, using random mutations to alter the network, one could grow the network into one which had a larger number of alternatives inputs and a larger number of alternative outputs.

By this means one could artificially grow a computer brain out of electronic hardware. This would be a new generation of computers.